PPM Papers Coming Soon
This section contains information about articles under review and waiting for publication in next issues of the journal.
Public sector recruitment policies: efficiency, effectiveness and consequences
O. E. Okeke-Uzodike, Dr., University of KwaZulu-Natal, College of Law and Management Studies, School of Management, IT and Governance, Pietermaritzburg Campus, South Africa
Abstract. A vast number of literature has documented how corruption, insecurity, education and ethnicity (amongst others) have served as obstacles to national development in Nigeria. These obstacles have posed serious developmental challenges which are evident in the dysfunctions in the management system leading not only to ineffective and inefficient delivery of public services, but also the instability of the socio-economic and political well-being of the nation. Accordingly, this article attempts a re-examination of various government policies aimed at national development-particularly, human resources development. Human resources plays a collectively vital role in the success or failure of any organization or nation. As such, this article revisits recruitment policies, processes and procedures drawing insight from federal government ministries in Nigeria. Within emerging economies, there are few (albeit growing)studies linking recruitment policies and efficiency of the workforce to the realization of official goals and objectives. The article presents a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods used in the data collection process. Data sets were collected from 78 randomly selected managers (comprising of lower, middle and top management levels) mostly involved in recruitment processes and procedures in Nigerian ministries. The results of the study provide insight into strategies for building human resource capacity and repositioning the Nigerian public sector (and Africa at large) towards resolving various enervating developmental challenges.
Spirit of corporate social responsibility transforming from corporatism to socialized capitalism
Nadeem Khan, Postgraduate Researcher, Henley Business School, University of Reading, UK
Abstract. This paper offers a critique of current corporate CSR practices in context of global trends. The legitimate modeling of CSR has yet to engage firm and political decision making with wider Society stakeholders. There is urgent need to transform towards socialized capitalism in which separate CSR board may focus on social and environmental concerns and offer more collaborative solutions to global / local CSR issues. This is underpinned with a need for returning to original moral purpose of CSR that has become eroded by narrower short term rational justifications.
Prospects of Japan-Russia cooperation in wind energy
Dmitry Nikolayev, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Far Eastern Federal University, Russia
Abstract. The main objective of this study is to analyze and consider all the possible ways of cooperation between Russia and Japan in wind energy development and prove the statement that this cooperation is beneficial. Consequently, we try to show the possible spheres of collaboration between Japan and Russia in wind energy and to analyze an economic sense of this collaboration. Methodological basis of the study is comparative analysis of main features of Japanese and Russian wind energy markets. We are of the opinion that Japan-Russia cooperation in wind energy is beneficial due to the foreseeable gains for the countries. One of the possible ways of cooperation in wind energy development between Japan and Russia is installation of 30-50 MW wind energy electric stations on the basis of MWT100/2.4 and MWT102/2.4 wind turbines. Economically effective wind energy potential in Russia implies installation of 3062 of such turbines till 2020.
A study of small, micro and medium-sized enterprises in and around Tshwane, South Africa
Zeleke Worku, Tshwane University of Technology Business School, South Africa
Abstract. This article is a result of a 5-year long follow-up study (2007 to 2012) of a random sample of 349 small, micro and medium-sized business enterprises (SMMEs) that operate in and around the City of Tshwane in South Africa. Data was gathered from each of the businesses on socioeconomic factors that are known to affect the long-term survival of small businesses. The objective of the study was to identify and quantify key predictors of viability and long term survival. The study found that 188 of the 349 businesses that took part in the study (54%) were not viable, and that the long-term survival and viability of small businesses was adversely affected by lack of entrepreneurial skills, lack of supervisory support to newly established businesses, and inability to operators running newly established businesses to acquire relevant vocational skills.
Firm failure causes: a population level study
Oliver Lukason, Researcher, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu, Estonia
Abstract. Business failure may be the result of either voluntaristic (internal) firm actions/decisions, deterministic environmental (external) events or both given causes (integrative approach). This study examines the prevalence of these causes of business failure. Results indicate that the largest proportion of firm failures is explained by the integrative approach, although two other perspectives hold a prominent role also. Moreover, internal causes of failure are more frequent than external. The findings based on multinomial regression revealed that the causes of failure also vary with the size and age of firms. The implications of the results for research and practice are discussed.
Exploring the process of customer engagement, self-brand connections and loyalty
Kay Naumann, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Marketing and Management, Faculty of Business and Economics, Macquarie University, Australia
Abstract. Traditional measures of customer loyalty have been criticized for being too static and one-dimensional in nature and as such, customer engagement, or CE, has surfaced as a more dynamic and interactive concept through which to understand the nature of the customer-brand relationship. Despite recent and increasing interest in the theoretical foundations of CE, attempts to capture its potential antecedents and consequences continue to lack empirical clarity. This study addresses this gap by empirically exploring the operation of CE through its proposed antecedents of: satisfaction, trust, affective commitment and rapport; and proposed consequences, being: self-brand connections and loyalty. The relationships between the antecedents and consequences of engagement are then examined across a range of service types. The results revealed affective commitment to be a strong driver of self-brand connections, whereas satisfaction held greater importance for the formation of customer loyalty. Surprisingly, trust was found to have a negative relationship to self-brand connections. The findings of this research enable managers to better understand how the outcomes of CE, namely loyalty and self-brand connections, can be driven across range of service types.
Progress report on reflexive practices and change management
Joanne M. Roch, University of Sherbrooke, Canada
Abstract. We have to accept that results have just not been forthcoming in the time since conducting change with respect to transformation projects has been a topic for discussion. According to Making Change Work, a 2008 IBM study, successful changes remain the exception. Indeed, 60% of projects fail to achieve their initial objectives! The objectives herein aim at questioning the relevance of planned change-management approaches in a highly turbulent and complex context. Moreover, they suggest that the teachings of the leading contributions in this field merit review.