Financial and economic aspects of bioenergy development in the context of providing energy independence of Ukraine

  • Received October 12, 2017;
    Accepted December 5, 2017;
    Published December 25, 2017
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  • Article Info
    Volume 15 2017, Issue #4, pp. 243-253
  • Cited by
    2 articles

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

The article deals with financial and economic meaning of bioenergy as an important component of the country’s energy security. The problem of transition to renewable energy sources, in particular biofuels, was investigated. The relevance of research is that biofuels can fully replace traditional energy resources, increase the level of economic efficiency of production and competitiveness of national economy, as well as reduce amount of harmful emissions into the environment. The purpose of research is to study and develop theoretical and practical principles of financial and economic development of bioenergy and its role in ensuring energy independence of Ukraine.
In the context of financial and economic crisis and political instability, the development of bioenergy industry is of priority in dealing with main social and economic problems. One of the main aspects of bioenergy development is states’ concern and use of targeted state funding. Moreover, other perspective ways to implement bioenergy technologies in Ukraine are public private partnership and attraction of foreign direct investments.
Economic assessment of different ways of full or partial replacement of natural gas has shown that they can be supplied with biomass, while the total capacity of introduced objects according to the bioenergy development program can save natural energy resources. According to the formula of the method of average medium, the forecast of optimistic and pessimistic scenario of energy potential development is developed.
Energy independence of Ukraine can be ensured through effective implementation of alternative energy with full state support, which will lead to acceleration of economic development of the territories, increasing level of life of people and environmental security of the country.

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    • Figure 1. Structure of energy resources supplying in EU and Ukraine in 2015, %
    • Table 1. Energy potential of biomass prognosis in Ukraine for 2020–2030