Green entrepreneurship and performance of small and medium enterprises in North-Central Nigeria

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Many countries worldwide make efforts to decrease environmental degradation and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) engage in such business operations. However, considering the Nigerian context, evidence on their impact is scarce. Therefore, this paper investigates the effect of green entrepreneurship on the performance of SMEs in North-Central Nigeria federal territory. A pre-test was conducted, and a descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire was used. The study examined 1,233 consenting randomly chosen respondents from six states and Abuja City in North-Central Nigeria. Simple linear regression was used to test the hypotheses. The findings demonstrated that green entrepreneurship can decrease the negative impacts of business activities on the environment and also ensure profitability. Moreover, green entrepreneurial innovative production and green entrepreneurial inclination significantly impact competitive edge (β = 0.806, t-value= 49.648, P = 0.000 < 0.05) and customer spending (β= 0.976, t-value= 51.315, P = 0.000 < 0.05), respectively. The study offers useful public information and experimental confirmation of environmental sustainability engaged in viable business activities.

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    • Figure 1. Conceptual framework
    • Table 1. Population of the study
    • Table 2. Sample size distribution of SMEs in North-Central, Nigeria
    • Table 3. Reliability values
    • Table 4. Administration of instrument
    • Table 5. Opinions on green entrepreneurial innovation production
    • Table 6. Opinions on competitive advantage
    • Table 7. Opinions on green entrepreneurial inclination
    • Table 8. Opinions on customers’ patronage
    • Table 9. Consolidated responses to questions related to the first hypothesis
    • Table 10. Effect of green entrepreneurial innovation production on competitive advantage
    • Table 11. Consolidated responses to questions related to the second hypothesis
    • Table 12. Effect of green entrepreneurial inclination on customers’ patronage
    • Conceptualization
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku
    • Data curation
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku
    • Formal Analysis
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku, Geoffrey Owoicho Ekoja
    • Funding acquisition
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku
    • Investigation
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku, Geoffrey Owoicho Ekoja, Sefa Asortse
    • Methodology
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku, Emmanuel Kalu Agbeaze
    • Resources
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku, Emmanuel Kalu Agbeaze, Geoffrey Owoicho Ekoja, Sefa Asortse
    • Software
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku
    • Supervision
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku, Emmanuel Kalu Agbeaze
    • Visualization
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku
    • Writing – original draft
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku
    • Writing – review & editing
      Mark Mtswenem Achaku, Emmanuel Kalu Agbeaze, Geoffrey Owoicho Ekoja, Sefa Asortse
    • Project administration
      Emmanuel Kalu Agbeaze, Geoffrey Owoicho Ekoja
    • Validation
      Emmanuel Kalu Agbeaze, Sefa Asortse