Public finance management system in modern conditions

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The public finance management system is an important lever for equalizing financial and budgetary disproportions in the context of institutional changes. The paper aims to substantiate the directions of development of the public financial management system. Economic and statistical methods and correlation-regression analysis methods are used to determine the relationship between the GDP deflator and the share of revenues, expenditures, the general government budget deficit, and public debt in GDP, assessing the features of the public financial management system in Ukraine and EU countries. This study reveals that one of the main restraining factors in the public finance system development is a significant level of uncertainty in economic processes, which intensifies macroeconomic fluctuations, significant indicators of the share of public debt and budget deficit of the state administration sector pose risks to financial and economic stability; their potential negative impact on socio-economic processes is much more destructive than the pro-cyclical nature of fiscal policy. From this point of view, the public finance management system should be directed at optimizing financial and budgetary tools to prevent the growth of public debt and budget deficit in gross domestic product, which determines the importance of substantiating further development directions of the public financial management system. It is concluded that the mechanism of public financial management in recent years is quite rigid and restrictive, in the context of institutional change expands the tools of public financial management and increases its impact on socio-economic processes.

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    • Table 1. Total general government revenue, expenditure % of GDP
    • Table 2. General government gross debt, deficit/surplus % of GDP
    • Table 3. The World Bank rating
    • Conceptualization
      Alla Chornovol, Tetiana Tomniuk
    • Formal Analysis
      Alla Chornovol, Tetiana Tomniuk
    • Investigation
      Alla Chornovol, Tetiana Tomniuk, Liudmyla Prostebi
    • Resources
      Alla Chornovol, Julia Tabenska
    • Supervision
      Alla Chornovol, Liudmyla Prostebi
    • Validation
      Alla Chornovol, Tetiana Tomniuk
    • Writing – review & editing
      Alla Chornovol, Julia Tabenska
    • Data curation
      Julia Tabenska
    • Methodology
      Julia Tabenska
    • Software
      Julia Tabenska, Liudmyla Prostebi
    • Writing – original draft
      Julia Tabenska, Liudmyla Prostebi
    • Project administration
      Tetiana Tomniuk, Liudmyla Prostebi
    • Visualization
      Tetiana Tomniuk
    • Funding acquisition
      Liudmyla Prostebi