Role of financial sector development in foreign direct investment inflows in BRICS

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This study examined the influence of financial sector development on FDI inflows in BRICS using panel data (1991–2020) analysis methods. The influence of the complementarity between the financial sector and human capital development on FDI inflows was also examined in the context of BRICS using the same data set and econometric methodologies. The advantage of this study is that the results are used as a basis by BRICS countries to develop financial sector development policies that attract significant FDI inflows. Financial sector development (model 2 and 3 of the pooled ordinary least squares approach) significantly enhanced FDI inflows. Human capital development (model 3 of the fully modified ordinary least squares) was found to have had a significant positive effect on FDI inflows in BRICS group of countries. The combination between financial and human capital development under (1) model 1 of the fully modified ordinary least squares and (2) models 2 and 3 of the pooled ordinary least squares (POLS) was observed to have significantly enhanced FDI inflows in BRICS. The study outlines the financial and human capital development recommendations that need to be implemented to facilitate more FDI inflows.

Acknowledgment
Kunofiwa Tsaurai is grateful for the moral support from his employer, University of South Africa.

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    • Figure 1. Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) trends in BRICS
    • Figure 2. Net FDI inflow (% of GDP) trends in BRICS
    • Table 1. Equation (2) signs
    • Table 2. Correlation analysis
    • Table 3. Descriptive statistical analysis
    • Table 4. Stationarity tests (Individual intercept)
    • Table 5. Johansen-Fisher panel co-integration test
    • Table 6. Financial sector development and FDI inflows – Fixed effects
    • Table 7. Financial sector development and FDI inflows – FMOLS
    • Table 8. Financial sector development and FDI inflows – Pooled ordinary least squares
    • Conceptualization
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Data curation
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Formal Analysis
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Investigation
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Methodology
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Project administration
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Resources
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Software
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Validation
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Writing – original draft
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai
    • Writing – review & editing
      Kunofiwa Tsaurai