Technological orders’ change caused by the pandemics: Digitalization in the internationalization of technology transfer

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The COVID-19 pandemic has become a catalyst for changing the technological order of human development and has accelerated the formation of new forms of organization and business. The change of technological orders causes uneven development of scientific and technological progress, as a result of which the existing technologies deepen, which become dominant and can be superimposed on the existing technological way of life. The purpose of the study is to substantiate changes in technology orders and to analyze the process of digitization as a new trend in the internationalization of technology transfer based on data on the dynamics of business meetings at brokerage events recorded in the Enterprise Europe Network (EEN). The use of EEN IT platform tools and general scientific methods such as analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, and historical analysis has confirmed the differences between the fifth and sixth technological orders and demonstrated the search for new ways of development for small businesses. The study formulated a general strategy for the digitization process and recommendations for the internationalization of technology transfer using Enterprise Europe Network tools in a pandemic, which include intensifying business activities using cyberspace, changing existing forms of organization, and innovation for small businesses. This strategy became the basis for the formation of a new methodological paradigm for managing the process of internationalization of technology transfer, taking into account the peculiarities of the domestic economy in a pandemic.

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    • Figure 1. Characteristics of the fifth and the sixth technological orders
    • Figure 2. Forming sectors of the “new economy” inside the sixth technological order
    • Figure 3. Distribution of the number of events by months in 2019 and 2020 according to the EEN event calendar
    • Figure 4. Distribution of the number of brokerage events by months in 2019 and 2020 according to the EEN event calendar
    • Figure 5. Monthly number of participants in brokerage events in 2019 and 2020 according to the EEN event calendar
    • Figure 6. Monthly number of B2B meetings at brokerage events in 2019 and 2020 according to the EEN event calendar
    • Figure 7. Monthly distribution of the number of brokerage events in which Ukrainian participants took part in 2019 and 2020 according to the EEN event calendar
    • Figure 8. Monthly distribution of the number of Ukrainian participants in brokerage events in 2019 and 2020 according to the EEN event calendar
    • Figure 9. Monthly distribution of the number of the B2B meetings with Ukrainian participants in brokerage events in 2019 and 2020
    • Figure 10. Comparative diagram of the total number of brokerage events in which Ukrainians took part and the number of participants from Ukraine in these events in 2019 and 2020
    • Conceptualization
      Kateryna Alekseieva, Olga Kostyuk
    • Formal Analysis
      Kateryna Alekseieva, Olga Kostyuk
    • Investigation
      Kateryna Alekseieva, Olga Kostyuk
    • Supervision
      Kateryna Alekseieva, Iryna Novikova
    • Validation
      Kateryna Alekseieva, Olga Kostyuk
    • Writing – original draft
      Kateryna Alekseieva, Iryna Novikova
    • Writing – review & editing
      Kateryna Alekseieva, Iryna Novikova, Alla Stepanova
    • Funding acquisition
      Iryna Novikova, Oleksandr Bediukh, Alla Stepanova
    • Methodology
      Iryna Novikova
    • Project administration
      Iryna Novikova
    • Resources
      Iryna Novikova, Oleksandr Bediukh, Alla Stepanova
    • Visualization
      Iryna Novikova, Oleksandr Bediukh, Alla Stepanova
    • Data curation
      Oleksandr Bediukh, Alla Stepanova
    • Software
      Oleksandr Bediukh, Olga Kostyuk