Restructuring the economic systems on the way to an additive economy

  • Received May 29, 2023;
    Accepted July 7, 2023;
    Published August 2, 2023
  • Author(s)
  • DOI
    http://dx.doi.org/10.21511/ppm.21(3).2023.18
  • Article Info
    Volume 21 2023, Issue #3, pp. 230-243
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

The additive economy should be the productive basis toward which the national economies aspire. This paper aims to deepen the theoretical issues of the additive economy forming and its key components: additive technology and additive manufacturing. Additive technology is defined as a set of methods and tools based on which the production of products occurs by adding only the useful part of natural substances to the final commodity and creating no waste. Additive manufacturing is a system of interconnected processes of transforming natural substances into finished products based on additive technology. The additive economy is a system of trade and industries based on additive manufacturing. The study analyzes competitive advantages (direct prototyping, saving materials and energy, the ability to work without human participation, dematerialization of transportation and storage of products) and challenges of the additive economy (building an organizational network of production systems; forming solidarity economy; developing new social institutions; social development of a person). The paper formulates the key directions of economic systems restructuring to an additive economy formation, including restructuring energy production types, energy networks, and interface sphere and change of the structure of primary resources. The general debatable problem of the economic systems restructuring to the additive economy is the formation of new social institutions capable of providing necessary solutions.

Acknowledgment
The study is prepared in the framework of the research project “Restructuring of the national economy in the direction of digital transformations for sustainable development” (№0122U001232), funded by the National Research Foundation of Ukraine.

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    • Figure 1. Conditional scheme of mutual connection of additive technology, additive production, and additive economy
    • Figure 2. Direction of the additive economy formation through the restructuring of the constituent economic systems
    • Table 1. Definition of additive technology, additive production, and additive economy
    • Conceptualization
      Leonid Melnyk, Lyudmila Kalinichenko, Oleksandr Kubatko, Zbysław Dobrowolski
    • Data curation
      Leonid Melnyk, Lyudmila Kalinichenko, Oleksandr Kubatko
    • Formal Analysis
      Leonid Melnyk
    • Investigation
      Leonid Melnyk, Lyudmila Kalinichenko, Oleksandr Kubatko, Zbysław Dobrowolski, Arkadiusz Babczuk
    • Methodology
      Leonid Melnyk, Lyudmila Kalinichenko, Zbysław Dobrowolski, Arkadiusz Babczuk
    • Project administration
      Leonid Melnyk
    • Resources
      Leonid Melnyk, Lyudmila Kalinichenko, Oleksandr Kubatko, Arkadiusz Babczuk
    • Supervision
      Leonid Melnyk, Zbysław Dobrowolski
    • Writing – original draft
      Leonid Melnyk, Lyudmila Kalinichenko, Oleksandr Kubatko, Zbysław Dobrowolski
    • Writing – review & editing
      Leonid Melnyk, Lyudmila Kalinichenko, Zbysław Dobrowolski, Arkadiusz Babczuk
    • Validation
      Lyudmila Kalinichenko
    • Visualization
      Lyudmila Kalinichenko