Relationships between demographic factors, job satisfaction, and intention to leave among women employees in Indonesia

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Job satisfaction is essential for improving company’s performance because the more satisfied employees are, the higher their work performance. The intention to leave has recently become a hot topic related to employees’ desire to leave the company. Such intentions can undoubtedly harm the company. This study aims to analyze the effect of demographic variables on employee job satisfaction and intention to leave. The sample includes 427 female employees in manufacturing companies in Indonesia. SEM-PLS with Smart-PLS software was used as the analysis method. Research findings show that demographic factors affect the intention to leave and job satisfaction. It was also found that demographic factors affect intention to leave, mediated by job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is essential in the relationship between demographic factors and employee intention to leave. This finding adds to existing insight that different demographic factors can affect employee turnover rates, such as high income, which can reduce employee intention to leave the company. Employee job satisfaction is subject to the influence of demographic factors, including age, with older employees generally expressing higher levels of job satisfaction.

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    • Figure 1. Conceptual framework
    • Figure 2. Formed path analysis model
    • Table 1. Respondent demographics
    • Table 2. Outer model results
    • Table 3. Construct reliability result
    • Table 4. R-Square results
    • Table 5. Hypotheses testing
    • Conceptualization
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah, Arif Rahman Hakim
    • Data curation
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah
    • Formal Analysis
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah, Arif Rahman Hakim
    • Investigation
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah, Arif Rahman Hakim
    • Methodology
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah
    • Project administration
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah, Arif Rahman Hakim
    • Resources
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah, Arif Rahman Hakim
    • Supervision
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah
    • Validation
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah, Arif Rahman Hakim
    • Writing – original draft
      Rizki Febriani, Siti Nurhasanah, Arif Rahman Hakim
    • Writing – review & editing
      Arif Rahman Hakim