Towards sustainable development in a transition economy: The case of eco-industrial parks in Ukraine

  • Received October 15, 2021;
    Accepted December 21, 2021;
    Published January 6, 2022
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  • Article Info
    Volume 12 2021, Issue #1, pp. 149-164
  • Cited by
    12 articles

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Sustainable development for transition economies is an opportunity to accelerate and complete socio-economic transformations and at the same time an additional responsibility in situations of instability and uncertainty. The chances for strengthening sustainability are growing within the organized innovation space, which makes it possible to model scenarios of ecologically oriented development and, with the help of state and international support, to start their implementation. The paper aims to analyze the possibilities and directions of creating eco-industrial parks in a transition economy. It uses an innovative helix model in its triple, quadruple and quintuple variations for functioning and sustainable development of industrial parks in Ukraine.
The study adopts a descriptive comparative analysis of data on the planning and implementation of economic, primarily environmentally relevant, activities. Based on the analysis and description of exogenous factors, in particular within GEIPP, a SWOT table on the potential of eco-industrial parks was formed. The directions of development of industrial, technological, and scientific parks in Ukraine are determined using the quintuple helix model on the plane of “knowledge-innovation”, in particular on quadruple helix transition to sustainability through the simultaneous development of socially oriented and environmental activities. Within the legislation, it is proposed to approve a sustainable form of artificially separated innovation parks, namely the “eco-industrial park”. One of the conditions for advanced sustainable development in Ukraine is the creation of a national program to support the transformation of innovation parks into their environmental versions 2.0 and 3.0, as well as investing in greenfield eco-industrial parks.

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    • Figure 1. Relationship between the concept of sustainable development and helix modeling
    • Figure 2. Quintuple helix model as a stable knowledge platform for innovative eco-industrial development
    • Figure 3. Quadrants of landscaping in innovation parks of Ukraine on the plane “knowledge – innovation” according to the stages of helix modeling
    • Figure 4. Institutional support for the development of ecologically relevant knowledge within the framework of the landscaping of innovation parks in Ukraine
    • Table 1. SWOT-analysis of EIP development in Ukraine
    • Table A1. Ecologically relevant and scientific-educational activities of industrial parks by regions of Ukraine, 2021
    • Table A2. Main aspects of IP included in the Register of industrial parks as of November 12, 2020, under the Ukrainian legislation
    • Conceptualization
      Mykola Petrushenko
    • Data curation
      Mykola Petrushenko
    • Formal Analysis
      Mykola Petrushenko, Hanna Shevchenko
    • Investigation
      Mykola Petrushenko, Hanna Shevchenko
    • Methodology
      Mykola Petrushenko, Borys Burkynskyi, Hanna Shevchenko
    • Resources
      Mykola Petrushenko, Borys Burkynskyi, Yevhen Baranchenko
    • Software
      Mykola Petrushenko, Yevhen Baranchenko
    • Writing – original draft
      Mykola Petrushenko, Hanna Shevchenko
    • Writing – review & editing
      Mykola Petrushenko, Hanna Shevchenko
    • Funding acquisition
      Borys Burkynskyi, Hanna Shevchenko
    • Supervision
      Borys Burkynskyi, Hanna Shevchenko
    • Visualization
      Borys Burkynskyi, Hanna Shevchenko, Yevhen Baranchenko
    • Project administration
      Hanna Shevchenko
    • Validation
      Hanna Shevchenko, Yevhen Baranchenko