Synthesizing social insurance research: A bibliometric analysis

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Social insurance has been a pivotal tool in implementing social security. The purpose of the study is to analyze the existing information clusters (areas) in the field of social insurance. Clusters define related and unrelated groups in the field of social insurance. These groups will help streamline and identify areas where little or no research has been conducted to present. To achieve the objective, the study employed a precise and systematic procedure to gather 562 journal articles published in Scopus-indexed journals from 1926–2022. Subsequently, VOSviewer, Science of Science (Sci2), and Gephi were utilized to conduct bibliometric analysis (such as keyword co-occurrence and bibliographic coupling) and network analysis tests (such as citation and co-citation analysis). The results of keyword co-occurrence and co-citation analysis suggest there are three knowledge clusters: welfare provisions, benefits provided by social insurance, and social insurance operational aspects. Through analysis found top article-based Inequality, social insurance, and redistribution with 408(LC) and 1042(GC) and its page rank value is 0.010574 through prestigious analysis. Additionally, it is also observed that I. Nielsen had made the most substantial contributions as an author, with R. Smyth and C. Nyland following closely in the rankings. Also, observed maximum total link strength with 109 value on social security variable. The study also drawn attention to specific deficiencies, including regional concentration of research, insufficient research in developing and underdeveloped countries, inadequate knowledge sharing among researchers, limited methodological diversity, and a lack of research on the role of social insurance in facilitating society’s recovery from the pandemic.

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    • Figure 1. Publication trends of social insurance research
    • Figure 2. Network analysis of author given keywords
    • Figure 3. Density analysis of indexed keywords
    • Table 1. Top contributions based on total publications
    • Table 2. Top Contributions based on Bibliographic Coupling
    • Table 3. Top contributions based on citation analysis
    • Table 4. Top articles based on citation analysis
    • Table 5. Most valuable contributions based on Prestige Analysis
    • Table 6. Most frequent keywords in the analysis
    • Conceptualization
      Mosab I. Tabash, Shekhar Shekhar, Poonam Singh, Mujeeb Saif Mohsen Al-Absy
    • Data curation
      Mosab I. Tabash, Shekhar Shekhar, Poonam Singh
    • Software
      Mosab I. Tabash, Poonam Singh
    • Supervision
      Mosab I. Tabash, Poonam Singh, Mohd Shamshad, Mujeeb Saif Mohsen Al-Absy
    • Investigation
      Shekhar Shekhar
    • Writing – original draft
      Shekhar Shekhar
    • Formal Analysis
      Mohd Shamshad, Mujeeb Saif Mohsen Al-Absy
    • Methodology
      Mohd Shamshad
    • Writing – review & editing
      Mohd Shamshad
    • Funding acquisition
      Mujeeb Saif Mohsen Al-Absy
    • Project administration
      Mujeeb Saif Mohsen Al-Absy