An empirical analysis of financial leverage and financial performance: Empirical evidence from Indian listed firms

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The purpose of this paper is to examine the determinants of financial performance, firm liquidity and financial leverage of Indian listed firms. This study uses both static models (pooled, fixed, and random effects) and Generalized Moment Methods (GMM). Financial leverage (FINLE) is defined by the ratio of total liabilities to total assets, whereas the current ratio and the quick ratio are used as firm liquidity factors. Further, a set of financial performance determinants such as return on assets, profit after tax, return on capital employed, return on equity, and Tobin-Q are used as independent factors. The results indicated that profit after tax, return on equity, return on capital employed, and Tobin-Q are the most significant financial success variables that influence financial leverage of Indian listed companies. Furthermore, profit after tax, return on capital invested, return on equity, and Tobin-Q are considered to have a substantial effect on financial leverage among the financial success indicators. In the case of firm liquidity, the findings show that the current ratio and the quick ratio have a substantial effect on the financial leverage of Indian listed companies.

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    • Figure 1. Financial performance and firm liquidity
    • Table 1. Empirical studies of capital structure in different countries
    • Table 2. Measuring variables of the current review
    • Table 3. Descriptive statistics
    • Table 4. Correlation matrix
    • Table 5. Regression analysis
    • Table 6. GMM estimation model
    • Table 7. Comparison of OLS and robust regression results
    • Conceptualization
      Nabil Ahmed Mareai Senan, Anwar Ahmad, Suhaib Anagreh, Eissa A. Al-Homaidi
    • Formal Analysis
      Nabil Ahmed Mareai Senan, Anwar Ahmad, Mosab I. Tabash
    • Investigation
      Nabil Ahmed Mareai Senan, Anwar Ahmad, Suhaib Anagreh, Eissa A. Al-Homaidi
    • Methodology
      Nabil Ahmed Mareai Senan, Anwar Ahmad, Mosab I. Tabash
    • Supervision
      Nabil Ahmed Mareai Senan, Suhaib Anagreh, Eissa A. Al-Homaidi
    • Validation
      Nabil Ahmed Mareai Senan, Anwar Ahmad, Mosab I. Tabash
    • Writing – review & editing
      Nabil Ahmed Mareai Senan, Anwar Ahmad
    • Visualization
      Anwar Ahmad, Suhaib Anagreh, Eissa A. Al-Homaidi
    • Data curation
      Suhaib Anagreh, Mosab I. Tabash, Eissa A. Al-Homaidi
    • Project administration
      Suhaib Anagreh
    • Resources
      Suhaib Anagreh, Mosab I. Tabash
    • Software
      Suhaib Anagreh, Mosab I. Tabash
    • Writing – original draft
      Suhaib Anagreh, Mosab I. Tabash, Eissa A. Al-Homaidi