Challenges to residents’ lives in urban areas in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam


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This study designed the challenges faced by urban dwellers in Vietnam during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The challenges facing people are shown through research indicators such as people’s income, expenditures, unemployment, and government support. The study collected data through the survey of 352 people (Survey respondents represent areas heavily affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam, such as Bac Giang Province, Da Nang City, Hanoi Capital, and Ho Chi Minh City, Binh Duong Province). Among the 352 people surveyed, 206 lived in urban areas and 146 in rural and suburban areas. Differential analysis and multivariate regression were used to analyze the research data. The findings of the study show that the incomes of people in urban areas compared to those in rural areas varied before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the study shows that the income and expenditures of people in urban areas declined before and after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The findings show different levels of impact of factors on income in urban areas affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Government support factor has the greatest impact on people’s income in urban areas of Vietnam (Standardized coefficients = 0.502).

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    • Table 1. Variables of the model
    • Table 2. Statistical results describing income and expenditure before and after the COVID-19 pandemic between two groups of people in urban and other areas
    • Table 3. Independent sample test
    • Table 4. Regression model results
    • Investigation
      Quan Le
    • Methodology
      Quan Le, Thanh Thuy Cu
    • Resources
      Quan Le, Thanh Thuy Cu
    • Writing – original draft
      Quan Le, Thanh Thuy Cu
    • Writing – review & editing
      Quan Le, Thanh Thuy Cu
    • Conceptualization
      Thanh Thuy Cu
    • Data curation
      Thanh Thuy Cu
    • Software
      Thanh Thuy Cu