Impact of audit committee characteristics on firm performance: Evidence from Bahrain

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between different audit committee attributes and company performance in Bahrain. This paper investigates the impact of audit committee independence, size, and meeting frequency on company performance (employing ROE, ROA, and Tobin’s Q). Data from all 14 non-financial publicly listed companies on Bahrain Bourse during 2005–2019 were used. The results revealed that companies with independent audit committees and big audit committees in terms of size are performing poorly. It is also shown that the number of audit committee meetings does not affect company performance. Further, this study failed to find any association between the number of audit committee meetings and company performance. The findings show that shareholders might lack knowledge of the importance of corporate governance mechanisms. The results of this study should be of potential interest to different stakeholders, including regulators, investors, and auditors, in their attempts to improve company performance and monitoring mechanisms in emerging economies.

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    • Table 1. Dependent variables
    • Table 2. Descriptions of explanatory and control variables
    • Table 3. Descriptive statistics
    • Table 4. Correlation matrix
    • Table 5. Regression results in terms of different models
    • Table A1. List of all Bahraini non-financial listed companies covered by the study
    • Conceptualization
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    • Data curation
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    • Formal Analysis
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    • Investigation
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    • Methodology
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    • Visualization
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