Social resilience management of Ukrainian territorial communities during the Covid-19 pandemic

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The Covid-19 pandemic changes people’s behavior, determines the interpersonal distance of communication, and deepens the digitalization processes of public life. This paper aims to establish the social trust impact on the social sustainability of Ukrainian territorial communities in the Covid-19 pandemic. For an empirical study, four territorial communities of Ukraine were taken, which geographically represent the whole of Ukraine. It used the online survey method based on Google forms. A randomly selected 1530 respondents aged 18+ were interviewed in 2021, where the quota sampling by gender, age, and territorial community has been preserved. The study proves that the family remains the basis of social stability for Ukrainians. In difficult situations, the population expects help from their relatives and is ready to help themselves. However, institutional social trust is highly deficient, with only 5.8% of citizens wishing for help from local authorities in the face of the pandemic. The survey shows that the poorest part of the population is prone to atomization and demonstrates the lowest interpersonal and institutional trust level, weakening social stability due to the risks of numerous divorces, labor migration, and the problems of family members’ isolation during the Covid-19 pandemic. The pandemic has widened the gap between the poorest and wealthiest groups. Therefore, social resilience management should aim to improve institutional and interpersonal social trust. Furthermore, public authorities should unite the community using economic, social, cultural, and religious instruments since atomized individuals cannot withstand local and global challenges efficiently.

Acknowledgment
The paper was prepared in the framework of the research project “Sustainable development and resource security: from disruptive technologies to digital transformation of Ukrainian economy” (№ 0121U100470) and “ Jean Monnet Chair in EU Economic Policies and Civil Society” (619878-EPP-1-2020-1-UA-EPPJMO-CHAIR).

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    • Table 1. Indicators of interpersonal and institutional social trust in selected territorial communities
    • Table 2. Indicators of interpersonal and institutional social trust between people in selected territorial communities (in the context of respondents’ assessments of their socio-economic development)
    • Table 3. Assessment of social sustainability depending on residents’ socio-economic status
    • Conceptualization
      Andriana Kostenko
    • Funding acquisition
      Andriana Kostenko, Oleksandr Kubatko
    • Methodology
      Andriana Kostenko
    • Project administration
      Andriana Kostenko
    • Supervision
      Andriana Kostenko
    • Writing – original draft
      Andriana Kostenko, Olena Kupenko
    • Writing – review & editing
      Andriana Kostenko, Oleksandr Kubatko
    • Data curation
      Tetiana Kozyntseva, Valentyna Opanasiuk
    • Investigation
      Tetiana Kozyntseva, Oleksandr Kubatko, Olena Kupenko
    • Resources
      Tetiana Kozyntseva
    • Software
      Tetiana Kozyntseva, Valentyna Opanasiuk
    • Validation
      Tetiana Kozyntseva, Valentyna Opanasiuk
    • Visualization
      Tetiana Kozyntseva, Olena Kupenko
    • Formal Analysis
      Oleksandr Kubatko, Olena Kupenko