Unintended transnationalism of Ukrainian military migrants in Poland: Socio-cultural aspect

  • Received April 2, 2023;
    Accepted May 18, 2023;
    Published May 30, 2023
  • Author(s)
  • DOI
    http://dx.doi.org/10.21511/ppm.21(2).2023.40
  • Article Info
    Volume 21 2023, Issue #2, pp. 426-438
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

The full-scale military invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation in 2022 triggered a massive wave of forced migration to Poland. This has resulted in the phenomenon of ‘unintended transnationalism.’ Transnational migrants do not part with their country of origin forever but live a double life, act as members of two socio-cultural communities and become carriers of a double culture. This study aims to systematize the socio-cultural peculiarities of the unintended transnationalism of military migrants from Ukraine to Poland.
The theoretical foundations of migrants’ transnationalism are systematically analyzed and its main characteristics are systematized. The emergence of the so-called unintentional transnationalism of military migrants is revealed. A comparative analysis made it possible to compare transnational processes in Poland and Ukraine.
The study found that migrants’ transnationalism is manifested through sharing their cultural values, traditions, and customs in a new cultural environment. The culture of migrants includes elements of the host country’s culture, elements of the culture of the migrants’ homeland, as well as new elements arising from the interaction of these two cultures. The main manifestations of migrants’ culture are language and communication, education, religious practices, intercultural dialogue, relations between representatives of different cultures, and other aspects of their daily lives. The study has shown that the transnationalism of military migrants can generate various cultural processes, including multilingualism, hybridization, cultural diffusion, cultural preservation, and intercultural dialogue.

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    • Figure 1. The number of assistance centers for military migrants from Ukraine on the territory of Poland by region
    • Figure 2. Structure of activities offered by service facilities for military migrants from Ukraine as of November 30, 2022
    • Figure 3. The number of children of Ukrainian military migrants studying in educational institutions in Poland as of January 13, 2023, persons
    • Figure 4. Cultural processes arising in the transnational cultural environment of migrants
    • Table 1. The main socio-cultural elements of transnationalism of war migrants from Ukraine to Poland
    • Conceptualization
      Alina Burliai
    • Data curation
      Alina Burliai, Maryna Demianchuk, Oleksandr Burliai
    • Formal Analysis
      Alina Burliai, Maryna Demianchuk, Oleksandr Burliai
    • Funding acquisition
      Alina Burliai, Maryna Demianchuk, Oleksandr Burliai
    • Investigation
      Alina Burliai
    • Methodology
      Alina Burliai, Maryna Demianchuk, Oleksandr Burliai
    • Project administration
      Alina Burliai
    • Resources
      Alina Burliai, Maryna Demianchuk, Oleksandr Burliai
    • Software
      Alina Burliai
    • Supervision
      Alina Burliai
    • Validation
      Alina Burliai, Maryna Demianchuk, Oleksandr Burliai
    • Visualization
      Alina Burliai, Maryna Demianchuk
    • Writing – original draft
      Alina Burliai
    • Writing – review & editing
      Alina Burliai, Maryna Demianchuk, Oleksandr Burliai