Measurement of inclusive growth: evidence from Tunisia

  • Received July 19, 2019;
    Accepted September 17, 2019;
    Published December 25, 2019
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    Volume 18 2019, Issue #3, pp. 19-33
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    1 articles

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In most economies, strategies that promote greater equity and less precariousness have become more than a necessity for reducing the effects of poverty. Thus, the focus is on inclusive growth by policy makers and institutions in charge of development and poverty alleviation. For Tunisia, there was a broad consensus on the need for structural reforms to promote inclusive economic growth that reduce social inequalities and regional disparities. This article aims to determine a synthetic indicator of inclusive growth in Tunisia. The method used is the Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The purpose of the latter is to provide weightings that take into account the variability of the data through time. The results found showed that Tunisia’s Inclusive Growth Index (IGI) deteriorated during the period from 1980 to 2017, falling from 5.35 to –3.40. The Tunisian government must embark on deep structural reforms to open up channels for a more egalitarian and inclusive society and put the country on a path to more sustainable development.

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    • Figure 1. The Synthetic Index of Inclusive Growth in Tunisia
    • Table 1. Presentation of the variables
    • Table 2. Descriptive statistics
    • Table 3. Correlation matrix
    • Table 4. Choice of axes
    • Table 5. Square cosines of the variables