Co-creation experience in Indonesian mobile commerce: A self-determination theory perspective

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Understanding customer co-creation experience in mobile commerce helps business to tailor their offerings, improves customer engagement, and cultivates long-lasting brand relationships, ultimately leading to business success in the competitive digital marketplace. Anchoring in service-dominant logic and self-determination theory framework, this study aims to investigate customers’ internal stimuli as the antecedents of the co-creation experience and its impact on brand relationship behavior. An online survey was employed to gather data from 499 users of Shopee, Tokopedia, Bukalapak, and Lazada mobile commerce marketplaces in Indonesia. PLS-SEM is used to analyze the conceptual model. The results reveal that customers’ internal stimuli of enabling the self and gratifying the self positively influence the co-creation experience (t-value > 1.645, p-value < 0.001). At the same time, no significant effect was found on the relationship between enriching the self and the co-creation experience. This study also confirms the role of co-creation experience in motivating continuance intention and E-WOM (t-value > 1.645, p-value < 0.001). The findings contribute to developing and validating the co-creation experience concept by demonstrating the role of customer internal stimuli in influencing the co-creation experience, thus motivating customer continuance intention and E-WOM behavior. The findings suggest the importance of the focus given by mobile commerce marketplace managers in designing mobile commerce platforms that can also meet the inner needs of users. A positive co-creation experience can enhance customer commitment and thus encourage positive E-WOM. These factors contribute to the long-term success and growth of mobile commerce platforms in an increasingly competitive market.

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    • Figure 1. Conceptual model with results
    • Table 1. Demographic profile of respondents
    • Table 2. Common bias method report
    • Table 3. Discriminant validity with HTMT
    • Table 4. Hypothesis testing results
    • Table 5. Structural analysis results
    • Table 6. Multigroup analysis results
    • Table A1. Confirmatory composite analysis
    • Conceptualization
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus, Cynthia A. Utama, Gita Gayatri, Whony Rofianto
    • Data curation
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus, Gita Gayatri, Whony Rofianto
    • Formal Analysis
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus, Gita Gayatri, Whony Rofianto
    • Investigation
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus
    • Methodology
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus, Cynthia A. Utama, Gita Gayatri, Whony Rofianto
    • Resources
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus
    • Software
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus
    • Validation
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus, Cynthia A. Utama, Gita Gayatri, Whony Rofianto
    • Visualization
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus
    • Writing – original draft
      Muhammad Iqbal Firdaus
    • Supervision
      Cynthia A. Utama, Gita Gayatri, Whony Rofianto
    • Writing – review & editing
      Cynthia A. Utama, Gita Gayatri, Whony Rofianto