Evaluation of seaports’ investment attractiveness

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Ukraine’s European integration requires the involvement of seaports in the international TEN-T network, so it is extremely important to create favorable investment conditions to develop port infrastructure. This study aims to make a comprehensive assessment of the seaports’ investment attractiveness to use it for increasing the efficiency of attracting investment in the development of Ukrainian seaports, which are part of the European transport network. The study was conducted using the Saati method and the method of calculating the integrated indicator of seaports’ investment attractiveness. The integrated indicator includes assessing indicators of business activity in the region and consolidated indicators of financial and property status, logistical attractiveness, and prospects for port development. According to the results of calculations, the seaports of Ukraine were divided into three groups. The ports of Yuzhne, Odesa, Illichivsk, and Mykolaiv have a high level of investment attractiveness. The ratio of investment attractiveness ranges from 3 to 2.6. The ports of Izmail, Mariupol, Oktyabrsk, and Kherson have an average level (ratio from 2.2 to 1), and other ports have a low investment attractiveness (coefficient from 0.9 to 0.7).

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    • Figure 1. Structural and logical scheme for determining the integral indicator of the seaport investment attractiveness
    • Table 1. Scale of converting the component’s values of the general indicator of the property status into points
    • Table 2. Scale of converting the indicator components of the port’s liquidity and solvency into points
    • Table 3. Scale of converting the indicators of the port’s business activity and profitability into points
    • Table 4. The scale of converting the components of the port’s production indicator in points
    • Table 5. Indicators of logistical attractiveness of Ukrainian seaports
    • Table 6. Indicators of the development prospects of Ukrainian seaports
    • Table 7. Determining the comparative indicator of business activity in the region
    • Table 8. Ratio scale of the seaport investment attractiveness
    • Conceptualization
      Olena Palyvoda, Olga Mishulina
    • Project administration
      Olena Palyvoda, Oksana Karpenko
    • Resources
      Olena Palyvoda
    • Supervision
      Olena Palyvoda
    • Writing – original draft
      Olena Palyvoda, Oksana Karpenko, Valentyna Vlasova, Nataliia Bondar, Olga Mishulina
    • Writing – review & editing
      Olena Palyvoda, Oksana Karpenko, Valentyna Vlasova, Nataliia Bondar, Olga Mishulina
    • Formal Analysis
      Oksana Karpenko, Nataliia Bondar
    • Investigation
      Oksana Karpenko, Valentyna Vlasova, Nataliia Bondar, Olga Mishulina
    • Visualization
      Oksana Karpenko, Olga Mishulina
    • Data curation
      Valentyna Vlasova, Nataliia Bondar
    • Funding acquisition
      Valentyna Vlasova
    • Methodology
      Valentyna Vlasova, Nataliia Bondar
    • Validation
      Olga Mishulina