Relationship between transformational leadership and knowledge management: The moderating effect of organizational culture

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In the context of Peruvian public universities, knowledge management is a key tool for academic advancement and social progress. This study investigates how transformational leadership impacts knowledge management, with a special focus on the moderating effect of organizational culture. Data were collected from 370 managerial staff members, both teaching and administrative, across various public universities in Peru, through online surveys. The methodology employed was the analysis of regression models with interaction terms. The results demonstrate that transformational leadership has a significant positive effect on knowledge management (β = 0.7092; p < 0.01), especially highlighting the influence of charisma (β = 0.5315; p < 0.01). Organizational culture proved to be a significant moderator in this relationship. This was reflected in the significance of the interaction terms between the dimensions of organizational culture and transformational leadership. Participation has a moderating effect (β = 0.4507; p < 0.01), consistency is a significant moderator (β = 0.5356; p < 0.01), adaptability has a moderating influence in the relationship between leadership and knowledge management (β = 0.4890; p < 0.01), as does mission (β = 0.3846; p < 0.01). This suggests that in contexts where organizational culture is robust and focused on learning and collaboration, transformational leadership effectively enhances knowledge management. These results provide a deeper understanding of the role of transformational leadership and organizational culture in knowledge management practices in the academic field, offering valuable insights for future research and administrative practices in the educational sector.
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    • Figure 1. Conceptual model
    • Figure 2. Moderating effect of organizational culture
    • Table 1. Description of respondents
    • Table 2. Reliability measures of measurement instruments
    • Table 3. Goodness-of-fit measures for the validation of measurement instruments
    • Table 4. Correlations between the dimensions of transformational leadership and knowledge management
    • Table 5. Multiple regression analysis explaining knowledge management from the dimensions of transformational leadership
    • Table 6. Multiple regression analysis explaining knowledge management from transformational leadership with the moderating effect of organizational culture
    • Conceptualization
      Victor Chung, Jenny Espinoza
    • Data curation
      Victor Chung
    • Investigation
      Victor Chung, Jenny Espinoza
    • Methodology
      Victor Chung
    • Software
      Victor Chung
    • Validation
      Victor Chung, Jenny Espinoza
    • Visualization
      Victor Chung
    • Writing – original draft
      Victor Chung, Jenny Espinoza
    • Writing – review & editing
      Victor Chung, Jenny Espinoza
    • Project administration
      Jenny Espinoza
    • Resources
      Jenny Espinoza
    • Supervision
      Jenny Espinoza