Does banking sector performance promote economic growth? Case study of Jordanian commercial banks

  • Received February 10, 2017;
    Accepted March 13, 2017;
    Published June 7, 2017
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  • Article Info
    Volume 15 2017, Issue #2, pp. 55-64
  • Cited by
    17 articles

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Spurred by the need to evade possible parameter bias associated with earlier works, this study intended to address the subject of whether performance of commercial banking contributes to economic growth. With the aim of answering this question, the present review concentrates on analyzing the association between profitability, deposit and credit facilities as proxy for performance of commercial banks while gross domestic product proxies economic growth. The population of the study is characterized by the Jordanian banking industry; the study enclosed a period of six years from 2010 to 2015 constructed on the annual report of thirteen chosen banks. Using Ordinary Least Square, the regression outcomes found a significant positive association between measures of bank performance and economic growth. Findings demonstrate that measures of bank performance in particular profitability deposits credits have positive relationship with economic growth as measured by GDP. The empirical results suggest that the policy creators should make arrangements to augment and prompt the banking sector in Jordan on account of its key significance in making and advancing development of the economy. It additionally can be inferred that not only commercial banking performance but also other movables such as political stability and technology may assume essential part in the economic prosperity in Jordan.

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    • Figure 1. Conceptual Framework
    • Table 1. Descriptive statistics
    • Table 2. Variance Inflation Factor Test
    • Table 3. Results of OLS