Workplace spirituality, employee engagement, and professional commitment: A study of lecturers from Indonesian universities

  • Received October 20, 2020;
    Accepted June 16, 2021;
    Published June 24, 2021
  • Author(s)
  • DOI
    http://dx.doi.org/10.21511/ppm.19(2).2021.28
  • Article Info
    Volume 19 2021, Issue #2, pp. 346-356
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The attention paid by researchers and practitioners to the relationship between employee engagement and spirituality in the workplace is limited, as studies of the two variables still stand alone. This leads to an important and increased emphasis on strength and employee engagement that are built on the organizational culture to show an awareness of spirituality in the workplace. This study aimed to explore the relationship between workplace spirituality and employee engagement of lecturers in Indonesia and professional commitment as a mediator. The respondents of the study were 322 lecturers from state and private universities in Indonesia. Validity, reliability, simple regression, and path analysis were used to analyze the data. The results of the study showed that workplace spirituality had a direct effect on employee engagement, with the β value of 0.836, and the R-square of 70%, while professional commitment had a mediating effect on the relationship between workplace spirituality and employee engagement, with the β value of 0.162 and the R-square of 72.3%. The results suggest that the implementation of workplace spirituality and employee engagement is important for universities to improve the performance of their lecturers.

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    • Figure 1. The relationship between workplace spirituality, employee engagement and professional commitment
    • Figure 2. Mediation model of workplace sprituality and employee engagement using professional commitment as a mediating variable
    • Table 1. Respondents’ profile
    • Table 2. Validity and reliability test results
    • Table 3. Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlations among variables
    • Tabel 4. Hypothesis testing results
    • Conceptualization
      Meily Margaretha
    • Data curation
      Meily Margaretha, Susanti Saragih, Sri Zaniarti
    • Formal Analysis
      Meily Margaretha
    • Investigation
      Meily Margaretha, Susanti Saragih, Sri Zaniarti
    • Methodology
      Meily Margaretha, Susanti Saragih
    • Resources
      Meily Margaretha, Susanti Saragih, Sri Zaniarti
    • Software
      Meily Margaretha, Bena Parayow
    • Supervision
      Meily Margaretha
    • Writing – original draft
      Meily Margaretha
    • Writing – review & editing
      Meily Margaretha, Susanti Saragih, Sri Zaniarti, Bena Parayow
    • Project administration
      Susanti Saragih, Sri Zaniarti, Bena Parayow