How to improve employee performance based on transglobal leadership?

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Competence in vocational education refers to knowledge, skills, and innovative work behavior. Therefore, innovative work behavior needs to be applied by lecturers at vocational institutions. Moreover, transglobal leadership is highly required in vocational higher education institutes because it can boost lecturers’ performance. This study aims to examine transglobal leadership styles to improve employee performance supported by work engagement and innovative work behavior. The study population included 1,494 lecturers from vocational state universities in East Java, Indonesia. The sample was 316 vocational lecturers determined by the Slovin formula. The data were processed through the SmartPLS software and analyzed using the SEM approach. The test results show that transglobal leadership positively affects work engagement with a t-statistic value of 4.240. In addition, transglobal leadership positively affects innovative work behavior with a t-statistic value of 2.015. Next, work engagement positively affects innovative work behavior with a t-statistic value of 2.009. Finally, innovative work behavior positively affects employee performance with a t-statistic value of 10.244. In conclusion, this paper enlarges the relevant literature devoted to the effect of work engagement, transglobal leadership, and innovative work behavior impact on employee performance.

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    • Figure 1. Hypothesized structural model
    • Figure 2. Finding model
    • Table 1. Respondents’ characteristics
    • Table 2. Convergent validity and internal consistency reliability
    • Table 3. Hypothesis testing
    • Table A1. Definitions of variables
    • Conceptualization
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto, Shinta Maharani Trivena
    • Data curation
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto
    • Formal Analysis
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto
    • Funding acquisition
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto
    • Investigation
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto
    • Methodology
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Shinta Maharani Trivena
    • Project administration
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto
    • Resources
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih
    • Supervision
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Shinta Maharani Trivena
    • Validation
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih
    • Visualization
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Shinta Maharani Trivena
    • Writing – original draft
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto, Shinta Maharani Trivena
    • Writing – review & editing
      Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto, Shinta Maharani Trivena
    • Software
      Pudji Herijanto