Adaptation of internally displaced persons in host communities under conditions of war in Ukraine: The role of local governments

  • Received March 25, 2023;
    Accepted May 5, 2023;
    Published May 10, 2023
  • Author(s)
  • DOI
    http://dx.doi.org/10.21511/ppm.21(2).2023.32
  • Article Info
    Volume 21 2023, Issue #2, pp. 323-335
  • TO CITE АНОТАЦІЯ
  • Cited by
    4 articles
  • 493 Views
  • 216 Downloads

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

The aggravation of the migration crisis in the country against the background of socio-economic instability in conditions of war has triggered the deterioration of the institutional and economic capacity of local governments to ensure further integration of internally displaced persons in the host society. The article aims to identify the resource and economic capacity of local governments in conditions of war to ensure the needs and adaptation of internally displaced persons to new living conditions (using the example of Pidberiztsivska Territorial Community of Lvivska Oblast). The research is based on a questionnaire survey in the form of in-depth interviews with the representatives of local governments. The sample consists of 20 persons; strata are formed in accordance with the staff units of local governments (head of the village council; representatives of the community’s administrative center and starostyn districts; heads of structural units of the village council). The paper emphasizes that local governments face a great challenge in ensuring the adaptation of internally displaced persons in the community, mainly related to the lack of free housing (according to 76.2% of respondents) and the labor surplus in the local market (over 20%). The results show that the majority of internally displaced persons see the community only as a place of “waiting” and seek to return to the former residence place (68.4% of the interviewed representatives of local government), so they shouldn’t be deemed as a potential community asset. Proactive tools for increasing the resource and economic capacity of local governments to ensure further integration of internally displaced persons include interaction with regional authorities, efficient use of the capacity of relocated businesses, cooperation with charitable foundations and NGOs to solve housing problems and create additional high-wage jobs.

view full abstract hide full abstract
    • Figure 1. Level of involvement and functions of representatives of the Pidberiztsivska Community Village Council in the process of providing assistance to IDPs, % of all respondents
    • Figure 2. Efficiency of ensuring the reception and stay of IDPs in Pidberiztsivska community: local government representatives’ estimates, % of all respondents
    • Figure 3. Main problems faced by IDPs in Pidberiztsivska community: local government estimates, % of all respondents
    • Figure 4. Level of IDPs’ integration into the local environment of Pidberiztsivska community: local government personal estimates, % of all respondents
    • Figure 5. Reasons that make it difficult for IDPs to arrange their lives in the host community, % of all respondents
    • Conceptualization
      Halyna Voznyak, Olha Mulska, Khrystyna Patytska
    • Data curation
      Halyna Voznyak, Olha Mulska, Oleksiy Druhov
    • Investigation
      Halyna Voznyak, Olha Mulska, Khrystyna Patytska
    • Methodology
      Halyna Voznyak, Olha Mulska
    • Project administration
      Halyna Voznyak, Oleksiy Druhov
    • Resources
      Halyna Voznyak, Olha Mulska
    • Supervision
      Halyna Voznyak, Oleksiy Druhov
    • Validation
      Halyna Voznyak, Danylo Sorokovyi
    • Writing – original draft
      Halyna Voznyak, Olha Mulska, Oleksiy Druhov, Khrystyna Patytska, Danylo Sorokovyi
    • Writing – review & editing
      Halyna Voznyak, Olha Mulska, Khrystyna Patytska
    • Formal Analysis
      Olha Mulska, Khrystyna Patytska, Danylo Sorokovyi
    • Visualization
      Olha Mulska, Khrystyna Patytska, Danylo Sorokovyi
    • Funding acquisition
      Oleksiy Druhov, Danylo Sorokovyi