The role of supply chain management in improving performance of Jordanian small and medium enterprises

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Supply chain management practices are always helpful for multinational enterprises in increasing their growth. However, there has always remained an open debate about which practices are helpful for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, this study has examined the influence of supply chain management practices on the performance of SMEs. Moreover, it has examined how the moderation of supply chain ecocentricity and innovation capabilities strengthens or weakens the relationship between supply chain management practices and SMEs’ performance. The quantitative study involved 352 SME managers as they can provide the relevant information and possess complete knowledge of management practices. The data were gathered via a questionnaire, and the responses were analyzed using IBM SPSS 28 and IBM AMOS. The results show that SMEs’ performance is linked to supply chain management practices (β = 0.544; P < .001), and this linkage is further strengthened by supply chain ecocentricity (R2 change = 0. 082***, F-Statistics = 47.18) and innovation capabilities (R2 change = 0.061***, F-Statistics = 39.74). SMEs can enhance their performance by efficiently incorporating supply chain management practices and developing innovation capabilities and supply chain ecocentricity.

Acknowledgments
This study is funded by Al Hussein Bin Talal University, Ma’an, Jordan, No. 125/2023.

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    • Figure 1. Research model
    • Figure 2. Measurement model
    • Figure 3. Mod graph (supply chain ecocentricity as a moderator)
    • Figure 4. Mod graph (innovation capabilities as a moderator)
    • Table 1. Descriptive statistics and data normality test
    • Table 2. KMO and Bartlett’s test
    • Table 3. Confirmatory factor analysis
    • Table 4. HTMT analysis
    • Table 5. Confirmatory factor analysis measurement model
    • Table 6. Direct effect
    • Table 7. Conditional effects of the focal predictor (supply chain management practices) at values of the moderator (supply chain ecocentricity)
    • Table 8. Conditional effects of the focal predictor (supply chain management practices) at values of the moderator (innovation capabilities)
    • Table A1. Loadings of items
    • Conceptualization
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Jehad Aldehayyat, Adel Al Khattab
    • Data curation
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Jehad Aldehayyat, Adel Al Khattab, Zaid Alabaddi
    • Investigation
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Adel Al Khattab, Zaid Alabaddi
    • Methodology
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Jehad Aldehayyat, Adel Al Khattab, Zaid Alabaddi
    • Project administration
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Jehad Aldehayyat
    • Resources
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Zaid Alabaddi
    • Supervision
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Jehad Aldehayyat
    • Validation
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Jehad Aldehayyat, Adel Al Khattab
    • Writing – original draft
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Jehad Aldehayyat, Adel Al Khattab, Zaid Alabaddi
    • Writing – review & editing
      Ahmad Almohtaseb, Jehad Aldehayyat, Adel Al Khattab, Zaid Alabaddi
    • Formal Analysis
      Jehad Aldehayyat, Zaid Alabaddi
    • Software
      Adel Al Khattab, Zaid Alabaddi
    • Visualization
      Adel Al Khattab, Zaid Alabaddi