Energy-efficient house: economic, ecological and social justification in Ukrainian conditions


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The main goal of the article is the efficiency justification of energy-efficient house (EEH) from the different points of view: economic, ecological and social. In this case, the EEH under the green economy context was considered by the authors. In addition, according to the Ukrainian ongoing condition, the key preconditions of EEH implementation among the Ukrainian households were allocated. Besides, the main approaches to define EEH are analyzed and systematized by the authors. On this basis, the main bullet points and features of EEH were indicated. The authors determined the EEH opportunities for spreading among the Ukrainian households. It should be noted, that the lack of awareness among the civil society provokes the slow temp of the EEH enlarging in Ukraine. At the same time, the European experience showed that the huge part of their households can be characterized as energy-effective. With the purpose of understand the efficiency of EEH, the authors had estimated the economic benefits of installed solar collector in the household as one of the parts of EEH. According to the results, the authors allocate the restraining factors of the EEH spreading in Ukraine. Thus, the great payback period is one of them. In addition, the high level of the currency rate has negative impact on the payback period. From the other side the continuously increasing of the utility bills have been indicated as a negative stimulate factor. In order to increase the awareness of the EEH benefits under the Ukrainian civil society, the main economic, ecological and social benefits of EEH were systematized by the authors.

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    • Fig. 1. The dynamic of shares of world consumption of the primary energy, 1997-2016
    • Fig.2. The dynamic of income and expenses to utilities of Ukrainians
    • Fig. 3. The part of utility payments in income of EU countries in 2017
    • Fig. 4. The dynamic of the number of private households where the solar station is installed
    • Table 1. The systematization of the main approach to define the EEH
    • Table 2. Initial data for calculation
    • Table 3. Summary of the data consumption and the electricity generation, solar installation 12 and 24 kWh at consumption of 450 and 600 kWh (own calculation)
    • Table 4. The summary data of annual savings depending on installation power and level of consumption of electricity by consumer, UAH
    • Table 5. The main features of EEH in the context of “green” economy