Mediating role of employee motivation for training, commitment, retention, and performance in higher education institutions

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The motivation of the individuals working in higher education institutions has been a topic of great interest for managers and researchers for a long while. This study has been taken to estimate the importance of faculty development program (FDP) as perceived by a faculty member, the role of FDP on faculty motivation and faculty performance, exploring whether faculty motivation mediates the relationship between FDP and employee performance. To achieve the stated aim, data has been collected from 311 faculty members associated with government and private sector institutions of higher education in Uttarakhand State (India). Important factors that motivate faculty to participate in FDP and its influence on faculty motivation and performance were analyzed using factor analysis, regression analysis, and Sobel test to establish the relationship. The findings indicate that FDP has a positive effect on the teaching of faculty, enhances their skills, helps control their emotions, and strengthens their capacity to perform academic and administrative duties. Moreover, FDP enhances work motivation and, in turn, helps faculty in improving their performances. To strengthen faculty motivation, the emphasis must be put on improving faculty recognition and reputation, making work more challenging and exciting, providing better career advancement prospects, and focus more on appropriate salary and compensation benefits for faculty members.

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    • Figure 1. Proposed model
    • Table 1. Demographic characteristics of respondents
    • Table 2. Influence of faculty training and development on faculty performance
    • Table 3. Analysis of FDP factors
    • Table 4. Factors of faculty motivation: A descriptive statistics
    • Table 5. Employee performance: A descriptive statistics
    • Table 6. Impact of faculty development program on faculty performance: Direct effect
    • Table 7. Impact of faculty development program on faculty motivation: Indirect effect
    • Table 8. Impact of faculty motivation on faculty performance: Indirect effect
    • Table 9 (A). Influence of mediating variable (faculty motivation) using Sobel test
    • Table 9 (B). Influence of mediating variable (faculty motivation) using Sobel test
    • Conceptualization
      Bhawna Chahar
    • Methodology
      Bhawna Chahar
    • Writing – original draft
      Bhawna Chahar
    • Writing – review & editing
      Bhawna Chahar
    • Data curation
      Samax Rana Jain
    • Investigation
      Samax Rana Jain
    • Resources
      Samax Rana Jain
    • Visualization
      Samax Rana Jain
    • Formal Analysis
      Vinod Hatwal
    • Software
      Vinod Hatwal
    • Supervision
      Vinod Hatwal
    • Validation
      Vinod Hatwal