How does green HRM influence environmental and social sustainability in hotels?

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Green human resource management (GHRM) is bringing positive transformations in business and society, as well as challenges for hotels. Drawing from social cognitive theory (SCT), this study examined green HRM with environmental and social performance. Significantly, this paper also used organizational green culture as a mediation variable. This empirical study employed a quantitative research method. Data were collected from 155 employees working in Pakistan’s hotels. The results demonstrate that green HRM (t-statistic value = 9.676, p-value = 0.000) is positively related to organizational green culture. In addition, organizational green culture (t-statistic value = 11.254, p-value = 0.000, t-statistic value = 16.882, p-value = 0.000) has a significant effect on environmental and social performance. Moreover, organizational green culture fully mediated the relationship between green HRM and environmental performance (t-statistic value = 5.444, p-value = 0.000). Finally, organizational green culture fully mediated the relationship between green HRM and social performance (t-statistic value = 7.218, p-value = 0.000).

Acknowledgment
This work is partially funded under FaME TBU No. IGA/FaME/2023/012 “Closed and open innovations: role of human resource, servant leadership, digitalisation, and uncertainty.” Authors would like to thank Prof. Rasa Smaliukienė for partially funding this research. This work also acknowledged Grant No.FSR-FORD 5-6/2022-23/FaME/006 “Linking stakeholder pressure, green HRM application and competitive advantage in the hotel industry.”

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    • Figure 1. Final model
    • Table 1. Demographic characteristics
    • Table 2. Measurement model
    • Table 3. Heterotrait-monotrait ratio (HTMT)
    • Table 4. Hypotheses testing (direct and indirect effect)
    • Conceptualization
      Zuhair Abbas, Roman Zamečnik
    • Data curation
      Zuhair Abbas, Ghulam Kalsoom
    • Formal Analysis
      Zuhair Abbas, Ghulam Kalsoom, Elona Cera
    • Funding acquisition
      Zuhair Abbas, Rasa Smaliukienė, Roman Zamečnik, Elona Cera
    • Investigation
      Zuhair Abbas, Rasa Smaliukienė, Roman Zamečnik
    • Methodology
      Zuhair Abbas, Roman Zamečnik, Elona Cera
    • Project administration
      Zuhair Abbas, Rasa Smaliukienė, Roman Zamečnik
    • Software
      Zuhair Abbas, Rasa Smaliukienė
    • Supervision
      Zuhair Abbas, Rasa Smaliukienė, Roman Zamečnik
    • Visualization
      Zuhair Abbas, Rasa Smaliukienė, Ghulam Kalsoom, Elona Cera
    • Writing – original draft
      Zuhair Abbas, Ghulam Kalsoom, Elona Cera
    • Writing – review & editing
      Zuhair Abbas, Rasa Smaliukienė, Roman Zamečnik
    • Validation
      Rasa Smaliukienė
    • Resources
      Roman Zamečnik, Elona Cera