Science in times of crisis: How does the war affect the efficiency of Ukrainian scientists?

  • Received January 26, 2023;
    Accepted February 28, 2023;
    Published March 22, 2023
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  • Article Info
    Volume 21 2023, Issue #1, pp. 408-424
  • Cited by
    19 articles

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

This study aims to assess how to prevent the loss of academic potential due to the full-scale war unleashed by Russia on the territory of Ukraine. The paper establishes the relationship between the location of Ukrainian researchers and their ability to engage in scientific activity and determines the factors that decrease scientific efficiency during the war. Moreover, it identifies the influence of the scientists’ place of residence on their scientific efficiency. The sample comprises 172 lecturers from Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, Ukraine. This university was chosen because it was located in the temporarily occupied territory at the beginning of the war and later was relocated to another city. 40.8% of respondents who left the temporarily occupied territory for the Ukraine-controlled territories noted a decrease in the effectiveness of their scientific activities. Furthermore, 33.8% could not think about science at all. The most challenging situation is for those who went abroad: 55.6% show decreased scientific activity, and 27.7% note its complete absence. The most significant reasons that prevent scientific activity are financial instability, lack of access to equipment, loss of relevance of previously started research, inability to concentrate on science, poor quality or lack of Internet, and adaptation to a new residence.

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    • Figure 1. Respondents’ characteristics
    • Figure 2. Distribution of respondents by place of stay
    • Figure 3. Normal P-P graph of standardized residuals
    • Figure 4. Partial regression between the scientist’s place of stay of the scientist and other indicators evaluated
    • Figure 5. Map of displaced universities in Ukraine
    • Figure 6. Standardized coefficients
    • Figure 7. Subjective perception of scientific efficiency of lecturers depending on the place of stay
    • Figure 8. Subjective assessment of scientific activity by university lecturers
    • Table 1. Multicollinearity check of the research model
    • Table 2. Correlation dependence between the estimated indicators of scientific efficiency and the place of stay
    • Table 3. Factors that influence scientific activity
    • Formal Analysis
      Yana Suchikova
    • Investigation
      Yana Suchikova, Natalia Tsybuliak, Hanna Lopatina
    • Methodology
      Yana Suchikova, Natalia Tsybuliak, Anatoli I. Popov
    • Software
      Yana Suchikova
    • Supervision
      Yana Suchikova
    • Writing – original draft
      Yana Suchikova, Natalia Tsybuliak
    • Writing – review & editing
      Yana Suchikova, Liudmyla Shevchenko, Anatoli I. Popov
    • Conceptualization
      Natalia Tsybuliak, Hanna Lopatina, Liudmyla Shevchenko
    • Data curation
      Hanna Lopatina
    • Resources
      Hanna Lopatina, Liudmyla Shevchenko, Anatoli I. Popov
    • Project administration
      Liudmyla Shevchenko