Analysis of the development level of higher educational institutions in the regions of Kazakhstan

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Higher education institutions are the core of the nation’s vocational education. This study aims to analyze the features of higher education institutions and their functioning in all Kazakhstan regions, allowing equal access to high-quality and necessary education. The data were collected from official statistical data by the Statistical Bureau of Kazakhstan and other official statistics for 2002–2021. The collected data were processed, and multivariate regression equations for each Kazakhstan region were constructed using the EViwes10 Atlas.ti software to illustrate the algorithm and hierarchy of the educational system of Kazakhstan. The regression results showed that in some regions, the relationships are differentiated, and the correlation values indicate a significant relationship between the indicators. In particular, Akmola, Karaganda, Kostanay, North Kazakhstan, Astana city, and Almaty city demonstrated strong relationships between the indicators. 11 out of 17 created models were excluded from the evaluation process due to the absence or low connection with the dependent factor, the lack of statistical significance of the coefficients, and the low level of reliability of the models obtained. In turn, within particular regions, the degree of such a relationship was weak. Moreover, there are grounds to assert the need to stimulate public policy and implement systemic measures to create favorable conditions to strengthen educational potential.

Acknowledgment
This study is funded by the Science Committee of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Grant “Strategy for the development of regional potential of Kazakhstan: Assessment of socio-cultural and economic potentials, development of a roadmap, models and scenarios of development” No. BR18574240).

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    • Figure 1. Stages of scientific research
    • Figure 2. Estimated indicators of normal distribution calculated by regions of Kazakhstan for 2002–2021
    • Table 1. Regression model factors
    • Table 2. Dynamics of changes in the number of universities by region from 2002 to 2010 and 2011 to 2021
    • Table 3. Correlation matrix of multifactor models by regions of Kazakhstan for 2002–2021
    • Table 4. Estimated indicators of multifactor models by regions of Kazakhstan for 2002–2021
    • Table 5. Estimated indicators of the normal distribution of balances by regions of Kazakhstan for 2002–2021
    • Conceptualization
      Nazym Saparova, Anel Kireyeva, Perizat Orynbet, Gulzhan Alimbekova, Ainur Amirova
    • Data curation
      Nazym Saparova, Anel Kireyeva, Perizat Orynbet
    • Investigation
      Nazym Saparova, Anel Kireyeva, Gulzhan Alimbekova
    • Project administration
      Nazym Saparova, Perizat Orynbet
    • Writing – original draft
      Nazym Saparova, Anel Kireyeva, Perizat Orynbet
    • Writing – review & editing
      Nazym Saparova, Anel Kireyeva, Perizat Orynbet
    • Formal Analysis
      Anel Kireyeva
    • Methodology
      Anel Kireyeva, Ainur Amirova
    • Software
      Anel Kireyeva, Ainur Amirova
    • Visualization
      Anel Kireyeva, Gulzhan Alimbekova, Ainur Amirova
    • Funding acquisition
      Perizat Orynbet
    • Supervision
      Perizat Orynbet
    • Resources
      Gulzhan Alimbekova
    • Validation
      Ainur Amirova