Determinants of the Indonesian military’s career development: Mediating role of performance and moderating role of objectivity of organizational commitment

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Career development is a vital aspect of improving work effectiveness and the best contribution of employees to the organization. This study aims to explore the determinants of career development of the Indonesian military. This quantitative study uses a questionnaire (in print and Google Forms) to collect data from 384 Indonesian National Armed Forces personnel at the Iskandar Muda Military Command, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The participants were army soldiers with the rank levels of non-commissioned, first, and middle officers. Data were processed using the AMOS software and structural equation modeling (SEM) approach. The findings show that the three constructs (work motivation, physical fitness, and emotional intelligence) are relevant in predicting the performance and career development of the Indonesian military. Next, the objectivity of organizational commitment moderates the relationship between performance and career development. In addition, performance mediates the relationship between the three independent variables and career development. These findings imply that the Iskandar Muda military command is expected to be able to apply them in improving performance and career development under applicable procedures.

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    • Figure 1. Structural model
    • Figure 2. Mediating effect of motivation on career development through performance
    • Figure 3. Mediating effect of physical fitness on career development through performance
    • Figure 4. Mediating effect of emotional intelligence on career development through performance
    • Figure 5. Mediating effect of performance on career development through objectivity of organizational commitment
    • Table 1. Reliability test
    • Table 2. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)
    • Table 3. Model suitability assessment
    • Table 4. SEM results
    • Table 5. Direct and indirect effects
    • Conceptualization
      Slamet Riyanto
    • Data curation
      Slamet Riyanto
    • Investigation
      Slamet Riyanto, Abdul Rahman Lubis
    • Methodology
      Slamet Riyanto
    • Software
      Slamet Riyanto
    • Validation
      Slamet Riyanto
    • Writing – original draft
      Slamet Riyanto
    • Funding acquisition
      Abdul Rahman Lubis, Mukhlis Yunus, Permana Honneyta Lubis
    • Resources
      Abdul Rahman Lubis
    • Writing – review & editing
      Abdul Rahman Lubis, Mukhlis Yunus, Permana Honneyta Lubis
    • Formal Analysis
      Mukhlis Yunus
    • Visualization
      Mukhlis Yunus, Permana Honneyta Lubis