Do South African state-owned entities follow the pecking order theory of capital structure?

  • Received March 11, 2021;
    Accepted May 14, 2021;
    Published May 21, 2021
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  • Article Info
    Volume 10 2021, Issue #1, pp. 25-33
  • Cited by
    2 articles

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

In corporate finance, the pecking-order theory suggests that companies adhere to a particular financing hierarchy, with internal funding taking preference over external funding, and debt financing taking preference over equity. This paper examines whether South African state-owned entities prioritize their financing sources as predicted by the pecking-order theory. A financing deficit variable comprising various cash flow-based components was used to test the theory. A panel regression model was employed using panel data estimators. Using a cross-section sample of 33 state-owned entities from 1995 to 2018, the study finds no evidence that South African state-owned entities follow a pecking order to finance investment projects. The pecking order theory proposition that costs of adverse selection are dominant for lower levels of leverage provides a reason for the financing deficit coefficient not being close to unity and hence an indication that the SOEs in South Africa do not follow the pecking order behavior in their financing decisions, an indication that South African capital market is still developing.

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    • Table 1. Variables and measures: Pecking order model
    • Table 2. Differences between FE, RE and OLS estimators
    • Table 3. Regression results: Pecking order model
    • Table 4. Hausman test results
    • Table 5. Breusch and Pagan Lagrangian multiplier test for random effects
    • Conceptualization
      Ferina Marimuthu
    • Data curation
      Ferina Marimuthu
    • Formal Analysis
      Ferina Marimuthu
    • Investigation
      Ferina Marimuthu
    • Methodology
      Ferina Marimuthu
    • Project administration
      Ferina Marimuthu, Stephanie Caroline Singh
    • Visualization
      Ferina Marimuthu, Stephanie Caroline Singh
    • Writing – original draft
      Ferina Marimuthu
    • Writing – review & editing
      Ferina Marimuthu, Stephanie Caroline Singh