New tourist needs and perceptions on sustainability during the pandemic: An analysis of Paracas National Reserve, Peru

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Tourism has shown relevance worldwide due to its economic and social significance. However, the pandemic has given rise to new perspectives on sustainable development. Thus, it is vital to identify new tourist needs and impressions about tourist attractions. The Paracas National Reserve attracts thousands of people yearly and seeks to protect the marine-coastal ecosystems home to extraordinary biological diversity. The study aims to define the perception of sustainability and the emerging needs of tourists from Lima, the capital of Peru, when visiting the Paracas National Reserve during the pandemic. The paper is non-experimental, quantitative, explanatory, and transversal research. A survey was applied to 83 respondents from Lima who had visited the Paracas National Reserve before and during the pandemic. For data collection, the survey technique with Google Forms was used; quantitative data were analyzed using MS Excel. The findings show that 88% of tourists prefer to travel with family or friends, 88.24% consider it essential to reduce the number of groups, 69.41% value social distancing, 60.2% note that the Reserve is well attended, 75.9% are satisfied with the activities carried out, and 94% find it a professional and entertaining experience. It is concluded that tourists from Lima are aware of valuing the biodiversity of the Paracas National Reserve during the pandemic and care for its environment. In addition, they care about staying healthy, considering all the recommended protocols.

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    • Figure 1. Gender
    • Figure 2. Place of residence
    • Figure 3. Age range
    • Figure 4. Means of information about the site
    • Figure 5. Travel preferences
    • Figure 6. Are you financially independent?
    • Figure 7. Post-Covid-19 travel changes
    • Figure 8. Do you find the service during the visit professional and entertaining?
    • Figure 9. Has your trip duration changed?
    • Figure 10. Reasons to choose a specific tourist destination
    • Figure 11. Desire to travel again in Covid-19 times
    • Table 1. Satisfaction with the Paracas National Reserve
    • Conceptualization
      Marjorie Riofrio-Carbajal, Daniel Amadeo Robles-Fabian, Franklin Cordova-Buiza
    • Project administration
      Marjorie Riofrio-Carbajal, Heber Luis Olavarria-Benavides, Daniel Amadeo Robles-Fabian
    • Resources
      Marjorie Riofrio-Carbajal, Daniel Amadeo Robles-Fabian
    • Software
      Marjorie Riofrio-Carbajal
    • Validation
      Marjorie Riofrio-Carbajal, Heber Luis Olavarria-Benavides, Daniel Amadeo Robles-Fabian
    • Writing – review & editing
      Marjorie Riofrio-Carbajal, Heber Luis Olavarria-Benavides, Daniel Amadeo Robles-Fabian, Franklin Cordova-Buiza
    • Data curation
      Heber Luis Olavarria-Benavides
    • Formal Analysis
      Heber Luis Olavarria-Benavides
    • Investigation
      Heber Luis Olavarria-Benavides, Daniel Amadeo Robles-Fabian, Franklin Cordova-Buiza
    • Methodology
      Franklin Cordova-Buiza
    • Supervision
      Franklin Cordova-Buiza
    • Writing – original draft
      Franklin Cordova-Buiza