Transition from hierarchy to adhocratic organizational culture in a Ukrainian university: From survival to successful development in the conditions of war


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This study aims to investigate the transformation of organizational culture during year of the of the active phase of the russian-Ukrainian war that contributes to the survival of Bogdan Khmelnitsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University as an organization and is a factor in the transition from the survival to the phase of successful and dynamic development. Due to the war and the occupation of certain territories of Ukraine, the university was forced to relocate to the free territory in the city of Zaporizhzhia. It lost all its buildings and other material resources; around 25% of students, 25% of faculty, and 25% of funding. Despite the extreme conditions of the university’s functioning and the stress of teachers and students under constant attacks on civilians by the occupiers, the university has resumed its educational process and research. A formal sign of the success of the scientific work is the growth of the university’s position in the Consolidated ranking of Ukrainian universities. In the educational sphere, interdisciplinary academic programs have become a significant trend during the war. Innovations in management ensured that the university quickly adapted to the extreme environment. These innovations were primarily related to transitioning from a hierarchy to an adhocratic organizational culture. The main areas of changes in the university management were: renewal of the personal composition of the university management, reorganization of structural units, updating of the system of university regulations, and complete transition to electronic document management.

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    • Table A1. Number of higher education students who graduated from university in the year before the war (2021) and during the war (2022)
    • Table A2. University funding in 2021 and 2022
    • Table A3. Amount of R&D funding in 2020–2022 (number of research projects and amount of funding, thousand UAH)
    • Conceptualization
      Natalia Falko, Olexander Zhukov
    • Data curation
      Natalia Falko
    • Investigation
      Natalia Falko, Olexander Zhukov
    • Methodology
      Natalia Falko, Olexander Zhukov
    • Resources
      Natalia Falko, Olexander Zhukov
    • Writing – original draft
      Natalia Falko, Olexander Zhukov
    • Writing – review & editing
      Natalia Falko
    • Formal Analysis
      Olexander Zhukov