Unveiling the dynamics of motivation, work-life balance, and work engagement among Vietnamese employees in multinational corporations


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This paper investigates the factors influencing work engagement among local Vietnamese staff in multinational corporations by focusing on the impacts of work motivation and work-life balance on work engagement. It explores the role of salary, bonuses, financial rewards, and career promotion in shaping employees’ motivation. A structured questionnaire was administered to 279 respondents working at Samsung Electronics Vietnam Co., Ltd. The collected data were analyzed using the partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) techniques and SmartPLS software. The findings reveal that career promotion opportunities significantly influence work motivation, surpassing salary, bonuses, and financial rewards. Work motivation and work-life balance positively affect work engagement, with work motivation exhibiting a more substantial impact. The study emphasizes the importance of clear career paths and growth opportunities in enhancing employee work motivation and engagement. It also underscores the need for organizations to create a supportive work environment, offer competitive compensation packages, and implement recognition programs. These findings have practical implications for multinational corporations operating in Vietnam, highlighting the significance of prioritizing employee career progression, promoting work-life balance, and fostering a motivating work environment.

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    • Figure 1. Proposed research model
    • Figure 2. Structural model results
    • Table 1. Outer loadings, construct reliability, and validity
    • Table 2. Fornell-Larcker criterion
    • Table 3. VIF, R2, Q2, and SMRM
    • Table 4. f2 values and hypotheses testing results
    • Table A1. Questionnaire constructs
    • Data curation
      Quoc Viet Nguyen
    • Formal Analysis
      Quoc Viet Nguyen
    • Investigation
      Quoc Viet Nguyen
    • Project administration
      Quoc Viet Nguyen, To Uyen Phan
    • Resources
      Quoc Viet Nguyen, Hai Ninh Nguyen, To Uyen Phan
    • Software
      Quoc Viet Nguyen
    • Visualization
      Quoc Viet Nguyen
    • Writing – original draft
      Quoc Viet Nguyen, Hai Ninh Nguyen, To Uyen Phan
    • Writing – review & editing
      Quoc Viet Nguyen, Hai Ninh Nguyen, To Uyen Phan
    • Conceptualization
      Hai Ninh Nguyen
    • Methodology
      Hai Ninh Nguyen, To Uyen Phan
    • Supervision
      Hai Ninh Nguyen, To Uyen Phan
    • Validation
      Hai Ninh Nguyen, To Uyen Phan