Organization of labor under conditions of uncertainty: The case of Ukraine

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Safety risks at work during a pandemic and war require new standards for the organization of work. Increasing socio-psychological pressure requires a better definition of staff duties, communication rules, and work and rest regimes. The purpose of the study is to determine the most acceptable regulations for the organization of labor that help to maintain the efficiency of a company’s activities in an unstable environment. In the course of the research, a content analysis of regulatory documents was carried out and a survey among HR managers, heads of Ukrainian companies, and their employees was conducted. All data were collected in two waves. The first wave was in November-December 2021 with 301 participants. Due to the beginning of the war, the second wave of the study was conducted in April-May 2022, when the wartime conditions have already made their impact, with 271 participants — managers, HR managers, and staff of Ukrainian enterprises. The results confirmed that working conditions and global risks that determine the types of the organization of work under uncertainty require a flexible approach. Mixed and flexible standards of the organization of work provide for optimal work modes and safer working practices, so they have been approved to be more effective. It has been determined that the disregard of global challenges, trends, and the social nature of labor by the company management reduces the effectiveness of labor organization regulations.

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    • Figure 1. Profile of the organizations where respondents work, % of participants
    • Figure 2. Loss (development of initial symptoms) of interest in work and motivation, the appearance of symptoms of burnout in the workplace with the same work organization regulations according to the respondents’ answers (% of total number of answers)
    • Figure 3. Distribution of respondents’ answers on the introduction of labor organization rules during the spread of COVID-19, %
    • Figure 4. Assessment of the level of motivation under different labor organization rules
    • Table 1. Profile of respondents
    • Table 2. Proposed additional measures to preserve the health of employees under different labor organization regulations (frequency of these measures in the answers of respondents), %
    • Table 3. Initial data for assessing various labor organization regulations
    • Conceptualization
      Halyna Lopushniak, Oksana Poplavska, Nataliia Danylevych, Tatyana Kostyshyna
    • Methodology
      Halyna Lopushniak, Oksana Poplavska, Tatyana Kostyshyna
    • Validation
      Halyna Lopushniak, Oksana Poplavska, Nataliia Danylevych, Tatyana Kostyshyna
    • Writing – original draft
      Halyna Lopushniak, Oksana Poplavska, Nataliia Danylevych, Tatyana Kostyshyna
    • Writing – review & editing
      Halyna Lopushniak, Oksana Poplavska, Nataliia Danylevych, Tatyana Kostyshyna, Rustam Raupov
    • Data curation
      Oksana Poplavska, Nataliia Danylevych, Rustam Raupov
    • Formal Analysis
      Oksana Poplavska, Nataliia Danylevych, Tatyana Kostyshyna
    • Investigation
      Oksana Poplavska, Tatyana Kostyshyna
    • Project administration
      Oksana Poplavska, Nataliia Danylevych
    • Visualization
      Oksana Poplavska, Nataliia Danylevych, Tatyana Kostyshyna, Rustam Raupov
    • Resources
      Nataliia Danylevych, Tatyana Kostyshyna, Rustam Raupov
    • Software
      Nataliia Danylevych, Rustam Raupov